It is prohibited for a Muhrim to hunt an animal whether it be in the Haram or outside
It is prohibited to hunt in the Haram, ( whether in Ihraam or not), due to its sanctity.
All those things which a Muhrim is not permitted to kill, one is not allowed to kill
in the Haram, whether one is in Ihraam or not.
If a Muhrim or non-Muhrim chased the hunt of the Hil into the Haram, then it is compulsory
to let go of it as it will now be considered as the hunt of the Haram and killing
it now will attract the respective penalty.
The penalty for killing a prohibited animal within the Haram boundary, (whether by
a Muhrim or not), is either:
(A) To sacrifice, (within the Haram boundary), a similar animal or an animal similar
in size to the prohibited animal killed, the meat of which being distributed within
the Haram boundary.
(B) or to attach a price to the value of the animal killed and this amount could
be distributed in charity to the equivalent of a complete Sadaqatul Fitr to each
person anywhere, and not necessarily within the Haram.
(C) or to fast a number of days equivalent to the number of poor persons that could
have received a complete Sadaqatul Fitr from the price attached in (b) above. This
fasting could be done anywhere, and not necessarily within the Haram.
The size or value of such an animal injured, or killed, will be determined by two
The prohibited animal killed by a Muhrim will be considered to be carrion and cannot
be consumed by anybody.
If a dead fledgling emerges from a prohibited animal's broken egg then the price
of this fledgling will also have to be paid.
If two Muhrims participate in the killing of a prohibited animal then each person
will have to pay the full Jazaa.
If a Muhrim kills a prohibited pregnant animal and the newborn dies thereafter, then
the full Jazaa will have to be paid for both the mother and the newborn.
If a non-Muhrim hunted an animal, (which is normally prohibited whilst in Ihraam),
and then entered into Ihraam, he will have to leave such an animal as is. However,
if such an animal died in his possession after the hunter has become a Muhrim, then
the full Jazaa will have to be borne.
Jazaa will also have to be paid by a Muhrim who kills a prohibited animal either
in error or due to forgetfulness.
A Muhrim is allowed to eat meat of an animal which is normally prohibited to be hunted
in the state of Ihraam as long as the Muhrim did not have a hand in its killing.
It is Haraam for a Muhrim to buy or sell a hunted animal and his transaction will
be considered null and void.
If two non-Muhrims hunted a prohibited animal within the Haram boundary, only one
Jazaa will be due between them.
A Muhrim is allowed to fish.
Dangerous animals, which are a threat to life, (e.g. snakes, scorpions, wild dogs,
etc.), can be killed by a Muhrim in order to prevent serious harm or loss to one’s
life without any obligatory Jazaa.
Zabah of Jaiz animals, or to eat of their eggs, is permissible.
It is not permissible to kill those animals that do not harm one.
Penalty becomes Waajeeb upon killing of a pigeon, even if it be a tame and trained one.
While in Ihraam, it is not permissible to kill a wild duck as it is considered as “prey”.
It is permissible to kill any animal which is born in the ocean, even if it lives on land, such as frogs, crabs, tortoises, turtles, etc.